Family, Friend, and Neighbor Care

Family, Friend, and Neighbor (FFN) care is the most common form of care. It’s used by families across socioeconomic and cultural groups. Some federal policies, including welfare reform, have included FFN as a recognized choice for families.

In 2007, Minnesota passed the first piece of legislation in the nation to allocate funds for programs supporting FFN caregivers. The legislation established the FFN Grant Program, which aims to promote early literacy, healthy development, and school readiness for children cared for by FFN providers, and to foster community partnerships to promote school readiness.

We worked with the Minnesota legislature to conduct an evaluation, a follow-up evaluation, and a literature review to determine the impact of the program.

Related resources

Related subjects


Leave a Reply