Subsidy Utilization and Impact on Early Care and Education of Low-income Children with Special Needs

Through this project, we aim to describe the nature and impact of child care subsidy use by low-income families eligible for subsidies who have children with special needs.

Children with special needs represent a substantial proportion of the general population under age 5, including those served by child care subsidies.

Poverty increases the risk for developmental delays and disabilities, and is negatively correlated with school readiness. Young children with special needs in low-income families are at a higher risk for poor outcomes.

For this project, we’re examining the following questions:

  • Do patterns and predictors of subsidy use among children with disabilities or delays differ from those of typically developing children within the population of subsidy-eligible low-income families?
  • Are there differences in care types and quality and predictors thereof between children with special needs and typically-developing children from low-income families who do and do not receive subsidies?
  • How are subsidy receipt, care type, and care quality related to school readiness of children with special needs who come from subsidy-eligible families?

Funding

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE), 9/30/2015 to 02/28/2017

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